Gastroenterology Treatments & Procedures
It is recommended that all persons at average risk of colorectal cancer should first get screened for cancer when they are 50 years of age. The American Cancer Society has recently recommended screening from age 45, because of colorectal cancer occurring in younger individuals.
Gastroesophageal reflux, also known as acid reflux, occurs when the stomach contents reflux or back up into the oesophagus and or mouth. Reflux is a normal process that occurs in healthy infants, children, and adults. Most episodes are brief and do not cause bothersome symptoms or complications.
IBD is the collective name of a group of inflammatory conditions of the colon and small intestines. The principal types of the condition include Cohn’s disease that affects the small and large intestine, as well as the mouth, esophagus, stomach, and anus; and ulcerative colitis that is restricted to the colon and the rectum.
Functional GI disorders such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), functional diarrhoea or constipation and functional dyspepsia are the most common conditions seen in gastroenterology practice. The diagnosis can usually be established with a thorough history and careful physical examination. Expensive endoscopic and laboratory tests are infrequently needed.
The small intestine is not often the source of major pathology. Most common are vascular abnormalities resulting in anaemia, small bowel polyps, coeliac disease and tumours. Problems with the small intestine can include : Peptic ulcers, Crohn's disease, infections, celiac disease, intestinal cancer, Irritable Bowel Syndrome , etc. Treatment depends on the cause.
Liver and Biliary disorders are the conditions that affect the liver, gallbladder, and pancreas. Examples include fatty liver disease and cirrhosis, liver cancer & inherited diseases, such as hemochromatosis & Wilson disease. Most are amenable to effective treatment. Treatment of chronic hepatitis may prevent subsequent conditions such as cirrhosis and liver cancer.
© Dr. H Schneider, Registered Gastroenterologist, GI Doc Johannesburg
Our website information is not intended or implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Please consult a doctor about your specific condition. Only a trained physician can determine an accurate diagnosis and proper treatment.